ORIA

ORIA, small town near Brindisi in Apulia, S. Italy, formerly of great importance. The Jewish settlement probably went back to classical times, and Jewish sepulchral inscriptions have been found there. During the period of Byzantine rule, from the eighth century, the community was one of the most important in southern Italy, and a great deal is known about it because of the wealth of information contained in the chronicle of ahimaaz . This deals largely with the family of the synagogue poet Amittai of oria and his son shephatiah , who was inducted into practical mysticism in Oria by Aaron of baghdad . Shephatiah went on a mission to Constantinople in 873–74 to obtain the cancellation, at least so far as Oria was concerned, of the edict of conversion issued by the emperor basil i . In 925 the city was attacked by Arab marauders; some Jews were killed and many were enslaved, including the young   shabbetai donnolo . Other attacks followed during the same century. The Jewish community remained important until the 15th century, but thereafter it declined. The Porta degli Ebrei ("Jew's Gate") still stands at the entrance of the Jewish quarter (now Piazza Donnolo). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Dark Ages, index; Milano, Bibliotheca, index; idem, in: RMI, 32 (1966), 414ff.; P.B. Marsella, Da Oria viene la parola di Dio, saggio storico-critico… (1952); Marcus, in: PAAJR, 5 (1933/34), 85–94. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oria — • Diocese near Brindisi in Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Oria     Diocese of Oria     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Oria — may refer to: Places Italy Oria, Apulia, a town in the Apulia region, Province of Brindisi Oria, Lombardy, a village in the municipality of Valsolda, in the Province of Como Spain Oria, Spain, a municipality in the Province of Almería, Andalusia… …   Wikipedia

  • Oria — steht für: eine antike Stadt der Oretani in Hispanien, siehe Oretum, heute bei Nuestra Señora de Zúqueca, 3 km südöstlich von Granátula de Calatrava in Spanien Oria (Apulien), eine italienische Stadt in der Provinz Brindisi Oria (Valsolda), einen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oria — Oria, 1) (im Alterthum Hyria, Uria), Stadt in der neapolitanischen Provinz Terra d Otranto, an 2 Seen; Schloß, Bischofssitz, Kathedrale, Tabaksbau, Südfrüchte; 6000 Ew.; 2) Fluß in der spanischen Provinz Guipuzcoa, entspringt am Berge Horadada,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Oria — (das antike, von Kretern gegründete Uria oder Hyria), Stadt in der ital. Provinz Lecce, Kreis Brindisi, malerisch auf einer aussichtsreichen Anhöhe an der Eisenbahn Brindisi Tarent gelegen, ist Sitz eines Bischofs, hat eine Kathedrale, eine Burg… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oria — Orĭa, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Lecce, (1901) 8731 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • -oria — 1 V. « orio, a». 2 Sufijo de nombres concretos derivados de verbos: ‘ejecutoria, dedicatoria’ …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ORIA — Salentinorum civitas in colle sita: Episcopalis sub Archiepiscopo Tarentino: hodie non magni nominis. Melius Uria, Latine …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Oria — Nom de famille rencontré à la fois en Espagne et en Italie. En Espagne, c est un nom basque, toponyme à rattacher peut être à la racine ur (= eau), porté notamment par deux communes (provinces d Almeria et de Guipúzcoa). En Italie, c est… …   Noms de famille

  • oriá — s. m. Uma das línguas índicas vernáculas …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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